Decision of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress on the Amendment of the Land Management Law of the People's Republic of China (“the Decision”) was passed at the 12th conference on 26th August of 2019 by the 13th Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress and will be implemented from 1st January of 2020. The Decision has the following major amendments on the <Land Management Law>：
1. Remove the obstacle to the market for the rural collective managing construction land; clarify the market entering rules of the collective managing construction land and stipulate that the usufruct of collective managing construction land may be further transferred.
2. Normalize the procedure of land expropriation. More complete and detailed regulations were added in respect of the land expropriation condition, procedure and compensation.
3. Complete the management system of housing site. The right of examination and approval is devolved to township People’s governments. The exiting mechanism of housing site with voluntary compensation is officially acknowledged.
4. Land supervision system is added into “Land Management Law”. Organization authorized by the State Department shall supervise the land usage and management of the municipal people’s governments that are defined by provincial people’s governments and the State Department.
The new modified land management law completes the relevant issues of land expropriation, abolishes the dual system that forbids the collective construction land to enter into market for transferring directly for years. It removes the institutional obstacles for the urban-rural integration development. The biggest bright spot of the amendment of the “Land Management Law” this time is to allow the collective managing construction land entering into market.
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